In Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products you will find the basic rules for all products that are subject to the market organisation regime. Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 was repealed by this Regulation. Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 had established a system which combine the 21 basic regulations for the different products and product groups applicable before into a single scheme.
The purpose of replacing this Regulation by Regulation No 1308/2013 is to harmonise, streamline and simplify the provisions that apply to more than one sector.
Products covered by the Single CMO
The products covered by the Regulation on the common organisation of the markets in agricultural products are listed in Article 1 of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013. In concrete terms, the following sectors are covered:
Olive oil and table olives
Flax and hemp
Fruit and vegetables
Processed fruit and vegetable products
Live plants and floristic products
Beef and veal
Milk and milk products
Sheepmeat and goatmeat
Ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin
Why a single CMO?
The purpose of Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 was to make the complex legal provisions of the individual market organisations more easily readable for users of law. Transparency was to be improved - a component of the Lisbon strategy.
Before the Single CMO Regulation was introduced, the field of law had been split up because there was a basic regulation for each individual product which was often accompanied by further Council regulations.
Bringing these rules and regulations together in a single regulation (which also resulted in a technical simplification) allowed repealing many regulations and to ensure greater clarity of this legal area.
By repealing Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 and replacing it by Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 the provisions applying to more than one sector are to be harmonised, streamlined and simplified.
The applicable versions of the EU provisions are available via EUR-Lex, a database of the European Union. The applicable versions of national provisions can be found in RIS, the legal information system of the Austrian Federal Government.